As we approach the 4th March 2013 elections a prudent approach towards personal planning needs to be put in place to mitigate any risk to you and your families. The Post-Election Violence (PEV) in 2007/2008 claimed over 1500 lives and displaced over 300,000, in as much as we do not anticipate a recurrence of the violence on such a scale, we all need to be prepared for any eventuality. This plan is a guide for measures that need to be put in place to mitigate a situation, should it occur, where violence erupts resulting in limited movement and supply of basic commodities is hampered. Outlined below are other considerations to be done, prior, during and after the Election Day.
Following the run out of supplies during the last PEV period, provision of basic commodities needs to be done in good time. It is advisable to do this at least three weeks prior to Election Day. A basic shopping list is provided in Annex A. A first aid kit is an important item. Consideration should be given for special medical cases for instance heart and blood pressure medication and Insulin for diabetics.
Ensure that the food selected requires little or no refrigeration for situations where we may have power outages. A five day supply of drinking water for each person in your household is recommended.
A full gas cylinder and where possible a spare one should be kept handy, in addition alternative sources of cooking for instance charcoal, kerosene and firewood should be purchased.
It is important that the additional stores that are bought shouldn’t be used until there is certainty about stability. Buy the additional goods and then continue your normal weekly shopping until the last safe moment.
All of these goods will be consumed eventually so shouldn’t impact on your budgets.
For those with personal vehicles, a complete vehicle service should be done well before the Election Day. A full tool kit should be included plus two spare tires, towing ropes and jumper cables. Ensure that your vehicles are filled with fuel and that you keep at least one spare jerry can of fuel for emergencies. The same applies for your generator if you have one.
- HOT SPOT ROUTES
There are various Hot Spot areas that are prone to sporadic violence. A map on these areas is provided in Annex B below.
Anyone using pre-pay phones should purchase spare scratch cards at least 3 weeks in advance and invest in solar/ battery chargers. Those who are not signed up for M-Pesa or any other money transfer service should consider signing up for it. In addition, some banks integrate M-Pesa with their bank account allowing remote or SMS based recharging.
- HOME SECURITY IMPROVEMENT
Home security improvements are dependent on each family’s needs and budget. However there is need to ensure that locks to all doors are working including on windows, door grills also should be put in place. Gardening tools and ladders should also be safely stored away as these can be used to break-in and gain entry into homes. Ensure padlocks are in good working order.
- IMPORTANT DOCUMENTS LIST
It is vital to keep the following documents in a safe secure location. A discussion with members of your family prior to the election period should be had on how you will deal with the violence and explain the necessary action or movements if required. All should keep a small bag packed in one area of the house for swift movement if required.
Enough cash to last one month (in small denominations should be kept (separated) in the house together with:
Passport Insurance policies Family records (marriage, birth certificates) Land Title deeds Bank Cards
Where possible, ensure that all the above are scanned and sent to your email address, so that in the event that all is lost, you can recover digital copies.
- IT AND SYSTEM BACKUP
You should consider backing up all of your personal data, digital photographs etc. to either a portable hard drive or DVD and keeping them in a separate location, perhaps at a relative’s house.
Communicate with Friends and Family
Newport endorses sending this letter and its attachments to your friends and family so that they too can suitably prepare.
ANNEX A- SHOPPING LIST
Purchase at the beginning of February and store in a separate place to your normal weekly goods so that it is an effective reserve. Continue to buy your normal weekly shop especially fruits and vegetables, until you feel it’s no longer safe to do so.
- Maize flour
- Canned beans
- Canned meat / fish
- Canned vegetables
- Canned soup
- Long life Milk
- Fruit juice
- Cooking oil
- Toilet Papers
- Bathing Soap
- Baby formula / nappies if applicable
- Pharmaceuticals if required
- Frozen foods can be considered
- Fuel, wood, kerosene, charcoal, cooking gas etc
- Vehicles ‘topped up’ and spare jerry can filled
- Drinking water
- Scratch cards for mobile phones
- Batteries for torches / radios etc.
- Reserve Cash